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ARMENIA
 
   
   
 

Armenia Identity Card

Country name:
~ conventional long form: Republic of Armenia
~ conventional short form: Armenia
~ local long form: Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun
~ local short form: Hayastan
 
Area: 29,800 sq km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Highest point: Aragats Lerrnagagat' 4,090 m
Population: 2,982,904
Density: 100/Km2
Population growth rate: -0.25%
Official Language: Armenian
Religions: Armenian Apostolic 94.7%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi 1.3%
Government type: Republic
Capital: Yerevan
GDP - per capita: $4,600
Inflation rate: 3.5%
Currency (code): dram (AMD)
Vehicle Country Id-Code: ARM
ISO CODE Alpha2: AM
ISO CODE Alpha3: ARM
ISO NUMERIC CODE: 51
Calling code: +374
Internet country code: .am
Time Zone: GMT +4.0H

 
 
 
 

Garni Temple

Armenia is an intriguing tourist destination with numerous monuments and masterpieces from the Ancient era and a long and cultured history. From the water resorts of Lake Sevan, the hot springs of Arzni and Jermuk, the forests of Dilijan and Gugark, the majestic peaks of Mount Ararat to the mountainous natural caves and cliffs of the Southeast region, Armenia is a treasure trove of wonders. Bounded by the Black and Caspian Seas, Armenia is situated in the southern Caucasus region. As for its geographical location, this country is often considered to be part of West Asia but political and cultural ties suggest its existence in Europe. For this multi-cultural environment and positioning at the crossroads of the continent, Armenia is often referred to as a transcontinental nation. The terrain of the country is dominated by mountains that are intercepted by few rivers and forest area. Interestingly, Armenians regard Mount Ararat as a symbol of their land but it is located inside the political borders of Turkey.
Armenia is often acknowledged as one of the cradles of civilisation and assumed as the site for the the Biblical Garden of Eden. It was the first country in the world to officially embrace Christianity as its religion and was conquered by Greeks, Romans, Persians, Byzantines, Mongols, Arabs, Ottoman Turks, and Russians. Armenia declared its independence from the collapsing Soviet Union on September 23, 1991.

 



 

 

 
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