Falkland Islands were a key battleground during the period of skirmishes over colonial possession. Its political fate is still disputed with France, Spain and Argentina all claiming authority over it. However, after the Falklands War of 1982, it is regarded as a self-governing overseas territory of the United Kingdom. Taking a journey back in time, these islands were first discovered by English captain John Strong when it was believed to be inhabited by the Yaghan people of Tierra del Fuego. Today Falkland Islands is a haven of unspoiled beaches and reefs and an incredibly diverse marine life. Diving, snorkelling, sailing, yachting, wind surfing, hiking, running and trail riding are just a few of the adventure activities awaiting you in these islands. Scattered over the South Atlantic continental shelf, Falkland Islands comprises of two main islands, East Falkland and West Falkland and approximately 700 small islands. Sprawling over an area of 12,173 sq km, the topography of these islands consists of mountain ranges, plain lands and vast swamps. Though located only 300 miles (483 km) from the South American mainland, Falkland Islands experiences cold marine climate in sharp contrast to the humid weather of the nearby mainland.