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FRENCH GUIANA
 
   
   
 

French Guiana Identity Card

Country name:
~ conventional long form: Department of Guiana
~ conventional short form: French Guiana
~ local short form: Guyane
 
Area: 91,000 sq km
Coastline: 378 km
Highest point: Bellevue de l'Inini 851 m
Population: 195,506
Density: 2/km2
Population growth rate: 2.1%
Language: French
Religions: Roman Catholic
Government type: overseas department of France
Capital: Cayenne
GDP - per capita: $8,300
Inflation rate: 1.5%
Currency (code): euro (EUR)
Vehicle Country Id-Code: F
ISO CODE Alpha2: GF
ISO CODE Alpha3: GUF
ISO NUMERIC CODE: 254
Calling code: +594
Internet country code: .gf
Time Zone: - 3.0 H

 
 
 
 

French Guiana is one of the last places on earth where you can find a wild and untouched tropical rain forest. If you are a passionate aquarist and nature lover eager to know where the fishes originally come from and what their wild habitation look like, then this place is the ideal destination to provide your aspirations the concrete shape of reality. Located on the northern fringes of South American continent, French Guiana has two very distinct geographical divisions. While the northern coastal areas by the North Atlantic Ocean are more urbane, the southern parts or the backcountry are mountainous and full of remote and dense swamps. From the heights of Tumac-Humac Mountains to the banks of the tiniest streams and the huge rivers, French Guiana shelters several unexplored species.
Historically, the French Guiana is more popular for the infamous Devil’s Island, a penal colony of France, and the hardships that were inflicted to the prisoners arriving here from the French mainland. Once home to the Wayampi and Wayana tribes, this region was first briefly inhabited by Spanish and Dutch forces. However, with the Treaty of Breda France was awarded the territory in 1667. Since 1947, French Guiana is recognised as an overseas department of France and the smallest political entity of South America.

 



 

 

 
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