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MALI
 
   
   
 

Mali Identity Card

Country name:
~ conventional long form: Republic of Mali
~ conventional short form: Mali
~ local long form: Republique de Mali
~ local short form: Mali
 
Area: 1,240,000 sq km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Highest point: Hombori Tondo 1,155 m
Population: 12,291,529
Density: 9/km2
Population growth rate: 2.74%
Official Language: French
Religions: Muslim 90%, indigenous beliefs 9%, Christian 1%
Government type: republic
Capital: Bamako
GDP - per capita: $900
Inflation rate: 4.5%
Currency (code): Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF)
Vehicle Country Id-Code: RMM
ISO CODE Alpha2: ML
ISO CODE Alpha3: MLI
ISO NUMERIC CODE: 466
Calling code: +223
Internet country code: .ml
Time Zone: + 0.0 H

 
 
 
 

Mali brings you an unforgettable experience with true desert, beautiful oases and Tuareg collectives along the ancient trans-Saharan camel routes. Enjoy the Old Town with its interesting markets or cherish the modern cities with their imaginative architecture in a garden setting, this country has numerous tourism options in offer. Geographically, Mali has enough contrasts in its store that range from the hills of the Air Massif and Djado Plateau in the northeast, the fertile basins of Niger and Senegal River in the south, the grasslands or Sahel in the central part to the vast stretch of Sahara Desert on the northern side.
Historically, Mali reeled under several royal reigns. It was ruled by the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire and the Songhai Empire at different periods of history. The first invasion attempt on Mali was made by Morocco who ruled the Timbuktu region for over two centuries. The French forces arrived by the end of the 19th century and the regions of present day Mali and its neighbouring regions came to be known as French Sudan in 1920. On June 20, 1960, it became independent and under the name of Sudanese Republic was joined with the Republic of Senegal in the Mali federation. However, Senegal withdrew from the federation on August 20, 1960, and the Sudanese Republic then emerged as the Republic of Mali on September 22 of the same year.

 



 

 

 
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