Nauru sparkles like a diamond on the turquoise velvet sea-rug of the South Pacific Ocean. The natural beauty and rich culture of this island nation attracts tourists from around the world. With pristine coral reefs teeming with marine life and plants that produce sweet-smelling flowers and trees with succulent fruit, Nauru has emerged as a tranquil yet exotic getaway. It is a single island nation situated to the south of the Marshall Islands, above the South Pacific Ocean. Located within the Micronesian group of islands, Nauru is part of the continent of Oceania. Geographically, it resembles a small phosphate rock that is surrounded by coral reef. It has a plateau at the central part of the island that raise to 70 metres above sea level and the islanders depend on rainwater as sole source of fresh water.
First inhabited by Polynesian and Melanesian settlers, Nauru became one of the world's smallest independent republics on January 31, 1968 after brief German domination. This island has several superlatives attached to it. It is also the smallest non-European country and once was one of the largest minefields of phosphate. Nauru is also the only nation in the world with no official capital.