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SENEGAL
 
   
   
 

Senegal Identity Card

Country name:
~ conventional long form: Republic of Senegal
~ conventional short form: Senegal
~ local long form: Republique du Senegal
~ local short form: Senegal
 
Area: 196,190 sq km
Coastline: 531 km
Highest point: unnamed feature near Nepen Diakha 581 m
Population: 11,126,832
Density: 56/km2
Population growth rate: 2.48%
Official Language: French
Religions: Muslim 94%, indigenous beliefs 1%, Christian 5%
Government type: republic under multiparty democratic rule
Capital: Dakar
GDP - per capita: $1,700
Inflation rate: 0.8%
Currency (code): Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF)
Vehicle Country Id-Code: SN
ISO CODE Alpha2: SN
ISO CODE Alpha3: SEN
ISO NUMERIC CODE: 686
Calling code: +221
Internet country code: .sn
Time Zone: + 0.0 H

 
 
 
 

Senegal is known for its surfing, good beaches, coral formations and abundant marine life. The high density of fish is one of the main attractions of the area and tourists cannot miss out the shoals of tropical fish filling the coral reefs with an ever-changing spectrum of colour. The sightings of dolphin, whale shark, hammerhead shark, manta ray and potato bass are also common. Located at the westernmost point in Africa, Senegal boasts of many topographical features. Beyond the beautiful coastline, the country terrain is mostly low-lying and becomes semi desert towards north and northeast. It also has its share of fertile plains too by the banks of Senegal and Casamance River in the north and south respectively. The latter one also complements a dense tropical forest in its surrounding regions.
Senegal experienced several foreign influences starting with arrival of the Islam in the 11th century. Surviving brief Portuguese and British occupation, Senegal was taken over by France in 19th century and became part of French West Africa in 1895. After becoming a protectorate, Senegal declared independence within a federation with Mali on June 20, 1960. The federation collapsed in four months and Senegal emerged as a republic.

 



 

 

 
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