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SIERRA LEONE
 
   
   
 

Sierra Leone Identity Card

Country name:
~ conventional long form: Republic of Sierra Leone
~ conventional short form: Sierra Leone
 
Area: 71,740 sq km
Coastline: 402 km
Highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m
Population: 6,017,643
Density: 83/km2
Population growth rate: 2.22%
Official Language: English
Religions: Muslim 60%, indigenous beliefs 30%, Christian 10%
Government type: constitutional democracy
Capital: Freetown
GDP - per capita: $600
Inflation rate: 1%
Currency (code): leone (SLL)
Vehicle Country Id-Code: WAL
ISO CODE Alpha2: SL
ISO CODE Alpha3: SLE
ISO NUMERIC CODE: 694
Calling code: +232
Internet country code: .sl
Time Zone: + 0.0 H

 
 
 
 

Sierra Leone presents open spaces, limitless skies and awe-inspiring sceneries where you can witness the miracles of nature from close quarters. Nowadays it is gradually developing into a favourite destination for family vacationing and a popular spot for water sports. Situated on the west coast of Africa, Sierra Leone is thriving to emerge from the dark past of a decade-long civil war. Once inhabited by the Bulom people, it later became home to Mende, Temne and Fulani peoples in the 15th century. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to explore the land and gave Sierra Leone its name, which means “lion mountains.” It became a British colony in 1808, and in 1896 a British protectorate was proclaimed over the islands. Seychelles became an independent nation on April 27, 1961 but it took another 10 years to declare itself a republic.
The country consists of three main geographical regions, which includes the most mountainous Sierra Leone Peninsula in the extreme west. The western part of the country, excluding the Peninsula, consists of coastal mangrove swamps and a coastal plain that extends inland. Many rivers in this area are navigable for short distances. In the east and northeast, there lays a plateau region ranging from 1,000 to 2,000 ft, with peaks of Loma Mansa - Bintimani (6,390 ft) in the Loma Mountains and Tingi Hills. Diamonds are the most widely available natural resources of this country.

 



 

 

 
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