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SOLOMON ISLANDS
 
   
   
 

Solomon Islands Identity Card

 

 
Country name: Solomon Islands
Area: 28,450 sq km
Coastline: 5,313 km
Highest point: Mount Makarakomburu 2,447 m
Population: 538,032
Density: 18/km2
Population growth rate: 2.68%
Languages: Melanesian and English
Religions: Church of Melanesia, Roman Catholic, South Seas Evangelical, Seventh-Day Adventist, United Church
Government type: parliamentary democracy
Capital: Honiara
GDP - per capita: $1,700
Inflation rate: 10%
Currency (code): Solomon Islands dollar (SBD)
Vehicle Country Id-Code: SOL
ISO CODE Alpha2: SB
ISO CODE Alpha3: SLB
ISO NUMERIC CODE: 090
Calling code: +677
Internet country code: .sb
Time Zone: + 11.0 H


 
 
 
 

Solomon Islands are an alluring basket of numerous small and beautiful volcanic islands with lush and abundance of tropical vegetation. Situated within the Melanesian circle of Oceania continent, this island entity is part of two distinct terrestrial eco regions, which are the Solomon Islands rain forests and the Vanuatu rain forests eco region. Belonging to the Australasia eco zone, Solomon Islands is a conglomeration of more than 990 islands. All the islands are scattered over a land area of 28,000 square kilometres above the South Pacific Ocean. The islands of Solomon Islands are of various shapes and sizes and most of them are home to volcanic dispositions. The vast spread of the islands can be determined by the fact that the distance between the most western and most eastern Solomon Islands is about 1500 km.
With hazy proof of inhabitation by Melanesians some 30,000 years ago, Solomon Islands were introduced to the rest of the world by European explorer Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa in 1568. After periods of invasion and colonisation by Great Britain, Germany and Japan, Solomon Islands were granted self-governance in 1976 and independence was achieved on July 7, 1978.

 



 

 

 
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