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TANZANIA
 
   
   
 

Tanzania Identity Card

Country name:
~ conventional long form: United Republic of Tanzania
~ conventional short form: Tanzania
 
Area: 945,087 sq km
Coastline: 1,424 km
Highest point: Kilimanjaro 5,895 m
Population: 36,766,356
Density: 38/km2
Population growth rate: 1.83%
Languages: Kiswahili or Swahili and English
Religions: Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%
Government type: republic
Capital: Dodoma (official), Dar es Salaam (administrative)
GDP - per capita: $700
Inflation rate: 5.4%
Currency (code): Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
Vehicle Country Id-Code: EAT
ISO CODE Alpha2: TZ
ISO CODE Alpha3: TZA
ISO NUMERIC CODE: 834
Calling code: +255
Internet country code: .tz
Time Zone: + 3.0 H

 
 
 
 

Tanzania is a nature-rich land with incomparable beauty. From the wilderness of the Serengeti and Ngorongoro national parks to the mystic ambience of the poetic citadels of Zanzibar, the country is a precious treasure trove of African wonders. Tanzania is the largest of the southeast African nations and enjoys a natural harbour-enriched Indian Ocean coastline to the east. It houses two of Africa’s largest lakes, Lake Victoria and Lake Tanganyika, the country being named after the latter. In Tanzania, also shines the breathtaking, snow-capped Kilimanjaro, the highest point in Africa at 19,340 ft. /5,895 m. While the large plateau with grasslands and national parks in the central of the mainland are the dominating physical features, Tanzania also includes the off the coast islands of Zanzibar. Interestingly, this part of Tanzania in the African mainland was previously known as Tanganyika and arrived to its present title only after the merger with the Zanzibar islands.
First colonized by Arab traders in 700, the regions of present-day Tanzania went under domination of Portuguese, Sultan of Oman and German forces. After World War I, it was administered by Britain under a League of Nations mandate. Then Tanganyika became independent on December 9, 1961 and Zanzibar on December 10, 1963. On April 26, 1964, the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar was established, which later became Tanzania.


Kilimanjaro


Fishermen boat on Zanzibar
 



 

 

 
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